## How To Estimate The Portfolio Range

When you have the values of the annualized variance and the annual expected return you can use them to estimate the range in which in most likelihood the returns of your portfolio will vary over the next year. The range will give you a lower and an upper limit and your return will mostly be in this range.

The upper range is calculated by adding the annualized portfolio variance to the annual expected return. The lower bound is calculated by deducting the annualized portfolio variance to the annualized expected return.

Portfolio optimization

Portfolio optimization is important. It lets you add different weights to each stock based on their risk and return expectations. The weight of investment will vary and also will be its returns. Each return on your portfolio will carry with it some risks and so when you vary the weights the risk as well as the return of the portfolio fluctuates.

How do you divide the weight?

Suppose you had a portfolio that had N number of stocks. So how would you be optimizing this portfolio? Would you just look at the past information and identify how much you should be investing into each of these stocks. Is that the way you will be able to make the best returns?

Portfolio optimization is doing just that. You adjust the weight that you allocate to each stock in your portfolio and make sure that the stocks are weighted in such a way that you achieve the best return on your portfolio and that you are exposed to the least amount of risk.

What is the minimum variance portfolio?

Suppose that you have a portfolio that has 10 stocks. You can now adjust the weights based on the return that you desire. The result is basically a characteristic of both risk return on your portfolio. Each of the unique weights allotted will form a different portfolio.

The number of combinations that you can make is many and each of the combinations will include some risk and returns on your portfolio investments.

Among the various combinations, there will be a set where the risk is the least. Thus you need to look for a possible combination where the portfolio variance is minimum. This is known as the minimum variance portfolio and this is the least amount of risk that you can form for your portfolio. The method is highly suitable for those who trade on the automated trading robot and are averse to risk.

## Going A Step Beyond The Payment Solutions

Going A Step Beyond The Payment Solutions

It is raining payment gateways and you must be having a tough time in deciding which one to chose for your sprawling business. When customers are located several thousands of miles away and beyond seas, the rushing card payments may be giving you a run for the most secure, fastest and reliable payment gateway.

What about the regulations and classifications of the acquiring banks? Do you accept payments from all types of cards and from all source accounts? How are your sales going and are updated with the market statistics?

A merchant account has so many aspects to cover and we offer all of that and more

The process of validating and executing card payments and online transfers into your dedicated merchant account has so many attached features for completion, which continues as a cycle. From the starting point to the completion of the cycle of each batch, we will be holding your hand. And if you plan to add wings to the business line, again there is no one to look beyond.

Our financial firm is the most favored merchant account provider by small-scale enterprises and big corporates alike. Putting a single size of shoe for all types of transactions is not our cup of tea and therefore we help you to open the most suitable merchant account fitting the scale of your firm. Your benefit with this facility? The discount rates, card charges, service taxes and commercial fees are different for each type of business and according to the transaction amounts.

Pay according to what you earn and save more to grow more.

Need a reliable independent sales organization to promote your sales, but not ready for a big budget marketing? Do not pay us separately for this facility, we market your products and services along with handling your payments at no extra cost. We get the strength of customer satisfaction with the dual service.

Need an efficient tool to analyze your market, the sales conversion, and market position? Add a pinch of transparency to it to match the level of Crypto Code with the advanced data precision tool that stores the transaction data in the chosen form as you wish and interprets them to represent where your business is heading to.

The best shield is that all our facilities are powered by anti-theft and anti-hacking feature to ensure that the double layer security of payment gateways have extra armor for the safety of your customers and for yourself.

## Equity Curve To Visualise How You Portfolio Looks Like

An equity curve is a representation of your entire portfolio. You can visualize how your portfolio is performing. This is normalized to a 100 scale. So if suppose you have invested 100 in the market then the equity curve will let you know how that 100 has performed in the given period of time.

To build equity curve you need to have the stock listed ion your portfolio and assigned weights to them. The weight age is basically how much of your capital have you invested in the stock.

You need to normalize your portfolio first to 100 in order to draw the equity curve. So this will let you judge how your investment of 100 has performed. Once you know this it will let you understand how to do portfolio optimization, which is to decide how much you should be investing into one particular stock. This has to be judged in such a way that the risk is low and the return are high.

What do you mean if the portfolio variance is 1.11?

Portfolio variance lets you know the risk associated with your portfolio. So when the portfolio variance is 1.11then this lets you know the risk that gets associated with the portfolio. The 1.11 % is basically the risk of your portfolio on an everyday basis.

Risk, variance, and volatility

When the price moves toa value that is below the price that we brought the stock at then this is the risk. When the price of the stock moves above the price at which we brought the stock then this is returned. The variance is used to understand the range within which you should expect the portfolio to move in a one year time period.

The expected return on your portfolio is the sum of the average return that each stock generates. This is then multiplied by its individual weight and then by the number of trading days. By doing this you are basically scaling your daily return to the annual return and this is then scaled based on the investment made.

The returns of our portfolio are distributed normally

When you plot the portfolio distribution then this will mostly come as a normal distribution. When your portfolio is normally distributed then you will get to know the probable return on your investment in the next 1 year and with some degree of confidence.

To estimate the return with the degree of confidence on your automated trading robot all that you need to do is to add or subtract the variance of the portfolio from what the expected annualized return is.

So using this normal distribution you will be able to judge how the portfolio is likely to fluctuate.

## Monero vs Bitcoin

Monero vs Bitcoin

We live in an age where we spend most of our time online and privacy becomes the biggest issue in this age. Right here Monero comes to act and ensures privacy for the people.

Monero is yet another cryptocurrency that focuses on the privacy of transaction while doing it anonymously, one can do this sitting anywhere in the world. Monero uses “CryptoNote” which is a strong privacy control protocol. Using this protocol Monero has proved itself to the world by keeping the transaction away from the prying eyes.

How does Monero differ from bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a first of its kind cryptocurrency known for its privacy and untraceable nature. The principle on which bitcoin works is public ledger called blockchain that maintains the integrity and confidentiality of any transaction.  All these features make Bitcoin unique but do not make it private.

Since Bitcoin is based on public ledger all the transactions that are made on the Bitcoin network can be traced from the beginning to the most recent. Monero, on the other hand, works on CryptoNote principle which keeps the transactions untraceable and therefore all the XRM tokens remain confidential.

Privacy is the need of the hour for the financial industry as in this sector more security breaches are taking place every now and then. Monero overcomes this crisis by using the powerful technology described below.

The important attribute that differentiates Monero from Bitcoin is the fact that in Bitcoin although the identity does not gets revealed but the transaction remains traceable and multiple transactions can happen from the same address. Analyzing the common patterns and tracing the wallet from which values goes out and comes in it becomes easier to determine the person who owns the address.

On the other hand, if you are using Monero for the transaction then only the destination address is identical to both the sender and receiver of the XRM tokens, it does not show the destination where the XRM tokens reach instead it shows the cryptographic hash.

By using the secret view key the recipient can understand how much XRM he has received. For this, he uses the unlinkable private separated from the public address this type of address is known as stealth address.

Final thought

Privacy and anonymity will always remain a prime focus for the individual who wants to keep things private and for those individuals who live in oppressed countries where censorship is an issue. The highly skilled developers of Monero will continue to help people who love to keep things private. There are many competitors of Monero but it has kept its position intact by providing the highest level of services to its users. Click Ethereum Code to know more.

## Blockchain In Media

Blockchain In Media

It feels like blockchain is getting into every aspect of life media and advertisement is also not left behind.

What is blockchain?

It is the underlying technology of many cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum etc. it is a kind of Excel sheet on which the whole decentralized network works. It contains a large amount of information that can be transmitted but without compromising the security. The information contained in it cannot be altered not even for a single person.

What is it not?

Many people confuse Blockchain with Bitcoin as it the first currency that was built on the technology. the blockchain technology used for bitcoin is different, actually other uses of blockchain was developed much later. Using Bitcoin Blockchain one can do transactions anonymously but for other uses, it does not have to be anonymous. Actually, it should not be anonymous as participants need to tell from where the data came so that they can trust the source.

It is used in media

• Monetization

The writers and creators can distribute their content on the blockchain and can get paid immediately.

Blockchain technology can be used to buy and broadcast ads without getting it pooled at one place. The marketers will be able to use the data from the content producers and find the target buyers for the ads without receiving the actual data itself.

• Whitelisting

A chain registry is being set up on blockchain in collaboration with DMA and consenSys which are using a cryptocurrency “adToken” to incentivizes people to understand whether the publisher should be whitelisted or not. This will help the brands to decide and spend money on them.

An interactive advertising exchange is going to be set up in New York here brands, publishers and agencies can buy and sell future ad inventory. The initiative is to support digital ad buy.

There are some barriers that media and advertising are facing to use blockchain as it is not yet widely used. As blockchain uses multiple nodes so it needs the participation of more number of people. In spite of having some technical barriers, blockchain has proved itself to be useful, robust and adaptable for various high impact use cases. Companies need to make appealing applications so that it can make a real impact. This has already started to happen it lets you trust the transaction without having trust on the counterparty. To know more click Ethereum Code.

## Things To Be Remembered To Start Up A Business

Things To Be Remembered To Start Up A Business

Everyone has a wish to start up a new business and run it on their own. It is not an easy thing to do. But when we have much confidence in ourselves, we can definitely start up a new business and run it in a successful manner. But there are some steps to be remembered by every person while starting up their own business. We can learn about the business things from the software named Ethereum Code review. Because when we miss doing these steps, we will definitely be in a situation of not able to grow it. So, we should always try to remember these steps and start our business in a good manner.

The business structure is an essential one for every business. So, we should have a very good legal structure for our business. Because when we miss to do it so, we will be in a situation to face the loss and the decrease in productivity. This will make our business a downfall. So always be careful about the business structure.

The name of the business is the most important thing for every business because the name itself will grab the attention of the customers. So, try to keep a business name in an interesting and impressive manner. The business name should not be the name of the other businesses. So, do a research and decide about the name.

A business license is mandatory for every business and if we do not get a license then we will be facing some legal actions and it will definitely make a bad impact on our business among the customers. So, set up a business name and get a license from the authorities legally. It is also advisable to set up the needed things for taxes because when we start-up a new business an get profits from that, we need to pay a tax amount to the government.

• Logo:

Setting a logo for our business will fascinate the customers and hence we will get more and more customers which will lead to yield great profits. The business logo should be something different and unique and it should not replicate the other business logos.

• Nominee:

It is necessary for keeping a nominee for our business because once something happens to the proprietor of the business, all the business beneficiaries will be handed over to the nominee. So, we should always remember to keep a living trust for the business we run.

Annuity

An annuity is nothing but a financial instrument which will pay out some amount at a regular interval of time to an individual which is commonly used by people who retire so that they have streaming income every month. The financial organization is responsible for the creation of annuities. Financial organizations like banks will receive and invest the amount got from a retired person. After annuitization, the organization will supply a flow of payments at a later stage when they retire. The time period at which funding of annuity is done and the post-payout time is known as the accumulation phase and upon commencing of the payments regularly the arrangement is in the annuitization phase.

Annuities came into existence to have a reliable way to secure your future by having a constant flow of money for each individual when they reach their retirement stage and not only this but it also alleviates the terror of longevity risk which means outliving their assets. Annuities are also made to convert a considerable amount of lump sum into a stable flow of money. When we say a considerable amount of lump sum it means that people who have won a lawsuit and got a huge amount of money as a settlement or winners of a lottery. It can also be won through trading but not through the Infinity App Software because the money this software promises to win is not realistic. The person who has created this software is not real either. A couple of examples of a guaranteed annuity for lifelong which will offer payments to retirees with a stable money flow till they pass away are defined benefit pensions and Social Security.

Types of Annuities

Depending on a wide range of factors and features, annuities are arranged like the time duration taken for the payments got through annuity which can be guaranteed to go on with. Creation of annuities can be done in such a way that once it reaches the annuitization phase, the individual will keep getting payments till the time either their spouse or the person who created annuity is alive. On the other hand, annuities can be arranged to spend on funds for a set period of time like 20 years, irrespective of the life of the annuitant. Moreover, annuities can start as soon as the lump sum is deposited or structuring of annuities can be done as deferred benefits.

## How To Start Making Money From Your 20s

How To Start Making Money From Your 20s

Financial freedom is a goal for everyone but very few start working towards that seven-figure number early. Often people start when it is too late and too little can be done. So, the best secret is to start in your 20s. Here are a few habits that if inculcated early will lead you to your goal of a financially secure future.

1. Automate your finances: It is mentally tiring and very stressful at times to keep track of all your financial dealing. It is, therefore, best to automate everything which will make it stress-free and save your mental energy for more useful things at hand. By automating you are not spending time deciding where to invest and how to save every penny.
2. Make earning your core focus: Just one source of income will not suffice if you want to reach a seven-figure number as soon as possible. You must supplement your income when you have the energy by working more and try your hand at various part-time jobs. You can also consider investing in Ethereum Code, an automated trading system which aids you to earn from anywhere in the world. If what you have learned about this software is not enough you can Continue reading about it until you are convinced.
3. Make friends wisely: You become what your friends hence make it a habit to hang out with people who are motivated and have made something of themselves. Winners will keep the fire in you burning to keep moving towards your goals.
4. Think out of the box: By doing what everyone else is doing you are going to remain ordinary and can never progress at the pace you wish to reach your goal. Hence, don’t let your creativity die; always think of doing things differently; don’t let any idea fade away but evaluate its worth and search for converting it into a profit-making scheme. You must put that extra effort.
5. Saving and investment: No matter how much you earn if you do not invest it wisely and save prudently, your coffers will never fill up. In fact, failure to save is like a water jug with a hole which will never fill up no matter how much water you pour into it.

Thus, if you want to become rich early in life and lead a comfortable life later on you must plan your finances well and start building them really early, maybe as early as from your first paycheck in your high school days!

## Keep a check on the fear of trading

Every market player feels fearsome point or the other in his trading years. When you turn on the news and hear about an unexpected, steep selloff, you will definitely experience an uneasy feeling. The key to success in trading is that how one can prepare himself to handle the fear of trading and how can you deal with your inherent fear in trading.  Listed below are fears faced by most of the traders and the ways in which one can overcome that fear.

Ways to overcome the fear of trading

Fear of losing- Making a trade with fear of losing has several consequences.  It will hinder the execution of transactions timely and will affect the timing strategy. This will lead to your inability to take the decision on the precise moment and pull the trigger. The fear of loss will hold you back on taking the action on right time and you will end up losing confidence. You will end up losing the trust which you have on yourself to execute the future signals.

The reality is that the everyone faces loss one time or the other but you need to keep in mind is that they will be losing less which makes them stay in the game. The longer time period you are able to stay in the game of trading by maintaining the sound timing strategy then it is most likely you will begin to experience better results in trade and will take you out of the temporary trading slumps.  If you are not able to control the emotions while trading, you can choose the software bitcoin loophole which will trade on your behalf free of emotions.  The full report is mentioned in the site about the workings of the software.

Missing out fear- Every trend and every market has its doubters.   This fear can be characterized by greed to an extent.  The investor will wish to buy a stock just because it is rising in price without him onboard. This can’t be just a reason to hold a stock.  People will go to any length to be part of a hot trend. They just could not hold back. The decision to trade or invest should not be done on an impulsive behavior or just to be a part of the ‘happening trend’.  Keep this emotion out and evaluate the situation and the trend carefully.  Take into consideration all the factors.

## Should We Store the Cryptocurrency on Exchange Wallet?

Should We Store the Cryptocurrency on Exchange Wallet?

Every trade has to go through an exchange, so is the case with digital cryptocurrency, as we head in an era of using the online way to book, transact and even make payments, there seems to be a lot going on in the internet space. Digital currency, tokens, even wallets to secure the cryptocurrency, from being hacked or wipe off the account. Using the wallet services form the crypto exchanges for a storing the cryptocurrency is subject to how often the traders use the wallets if they frequently trade every single day, exchange wallets are useful, however, there should be appropriate access controls and high-level password encryption.

Exchange Wallets

In the event of large crypto exchanges being hacked and coins stolen, it is better to have a digital wallet of their own, that can be much safer. The wallets can be maintained in the exchanges or along with the trading account learn more from the repository of exchanges that trade in huge volumes in a centralized crypto exchange.

• there are digital wallets that the trader maintains in the software trading platform like Ethereum Code, where the digital wallets save the coins that is in the form of encrypted code form
• early days there were insufficient funds to serve up as reserves, hence the risk of currency being stolen was imperatively less, today, however, the phenomenal growth of crypto exchanges there is a lot of things happening with the help of the Blockchain technology
• single ledger storage has become trading as well as exchange hub for a decentralized distributed ledger that has been providing an open platform for hackers to access highly sensitive data
• there were a lot of currency wallets being hacked, stolen during the boom period of cryptocurrency, however, there seems to be a solution with every problem the technology has been made stronger to mitigate such node intercepting hackers and keep the wallets safe
• some exchanges have started operating on the basis of smart contracts under the decentralized platform, structured that is making a considerable impact

For most of the storage and trading, the centralized exchanges that are much safer to store the wallet currency used often, as there is small group controlling the exchange transactions. the token economy has made it possible only for the token holders having access to the wallets and transactions, the ownership basically is vested on a founding group.